How To Recognize Chikungunya Fever: 7 Steps

Chikungunya fever is a virus that is spread by arthropods and is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease is characterized by high fever and moderate to severe joint pain. There is currently no cure for chikungunya, and the only way to prevent it is to avoid mosquito bites. However, this virus rarely causes serious symptoms and is usually not fatal. To find out how to recognize the symptoms of chikungunya fever, start with Step 1 below.

Knowing the Symptoms

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Observe for high fever. A high fever is one of the early symptoms of chikungunya, with a body temperature of up to 40 degrees C. The basic fever lasts for 2 days, before stopping suddenly.

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Observe for joint pain. The typical symptom of chikungunya fever is severe joint pain (or arthritis) in several joints, especially in the limbs.

In fact, the word chikungunya means “twisted” in the Kimakonde language, which describes the shape of a sufferer’s body that bends or bends due to joint pain.

In most sufferers, the pain will only last for a few days, but in older patients, joint pain will last longer. In some cases, joint pain can last for weeks, months or even years.

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Watch for red skin. The skin of people with chikungunya will turn red. This reddish skin can appear as purplish or reddish patches.

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Watch for other symptoms. Other symptoms that can occur in people with chikungunya include severe headaches, nausea, muscle aches, fatigue, vomiting, excessive sensitivity to light and partial loss of the ability to taste.

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Overcoming and Preventing Virus Attacks

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Call your doctor if you suspect that you have chikungunya fever. If you have chikungunya fever, it is very important to contact your doctor, especially if you have a fever.

Because chikungunya is difficult to diagnose (and often confused with dengue fever), your doctor will make a diagnosis based on your symptoms, where you’ve been and where you’ve taken your viral culture.

But there is a way to really know if chikungunya fever is present, namely through a blood serum or cerebrospinal fluid test in a laboratory. This is not really necessary, as chikungunya rarely causes complications that require laboratory diagnosis.

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Treat viral symptoms. There are no antiviral medications specifically designed to treat chikungunya, but your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve the symptoms.

For example, fever and joint pain can be relieved with medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and paracetamol. However, you should avoid drugs that contain aspirin.

Patients with chikungunya are also advised to rest in bed and drink plenty of fluids.

Cara Mengenali Demam Chikungunya: 7 Langkah (dengan Gambar)

Prevent chikungunya by avoiding mosquito bites. There is currently no commercial vaccine available to prevent chikungunya fever. So the only way to prevent this virus is to avoid mosquito bites, especially if you travel to places where this disease occurs frequently, such as Africa, Asia, and parts of India. To prevent mosquito bites, you can:

Wear long sleeves and long pants when traveling in endemic areas. If possible, soak your clothes in permethrin (a type of insecticide) to repel mosquitoes.

Use mosquito repellent on exposed skin, especially those containing DEET, IR3535, oil or eucalyptus or icaridin, as these are the most durable and effective.

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Make sure you live in a place that has mosquito nets on the doors and windows. Sleep in a bed with a mosquito net and protect children and the elderly with this net while they are napping.

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