How To Recognize Stroke Symptoms: 6 Steps

A stroke occurs as a result of an interrupted flow of blood to the brain and causes damage to brain cells that lack the necessary oxygen and other nutrients. It is the third leading cause of death in the United States and the United Kingdom, accounting for up to 10 percent of deaths worldwide. [1] X A Trusted Source World Health Organization Go to source It is therefore very important that you are able to detect its symptoms, especially if you know someone at increased risk of stroke. The damage can be minimized with medication, but the affected person must come to the hospital within one hour of the first symptoms. [2] X Research source

Recognition of stroke symptoms

Jak rozpoznat příznaky mrtvice: 6 Kroků (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Understand the difference between a stroke and a weak stroke. We distinguish two main types of stroke: ischemic stroke, caused by a blood clot in the brain, and hemorrhagic stroke, caused by a ruptured blood vessel that bleeds into the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes are rarer than ischemic strokes – their share in the total number of strokes is about 20 percent. Both types of strokes are very serious and can be life-threatening if they do not receive medical attention as soon as possible.

Mild strokes, also known as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when less blood enters the brain than normal. They can then last from a few minutes to a whole day. Many people who have experienced these mild strokes do not even realize it, although it is a warning signal that there is a risk of a full stroke. If someone suffers from a TIA, they should be treated by a doctor as soon as possible.

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Jak rozpoznat příznaky mrtvice: 6 Kroků (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Look for two or more stroke symptoms. Most people who experience a stroke will experience at least two or more common symptoms, including the following:

Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arms or legs on only one side of the body.

Sudden deterioration in vision in one or both eyes.

Sudden difficulty walking, dizziness and loss of balance.

Sudden delusion and impaired ability to speak or understand the spoken word.

Sudden severe headache for no apparent reason.

Jak rozpoznat příznaky mrtvice: 6 Kroků (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Perform a FAST It can be very difficult for a person with a stroke to describe what they are going through. To confirm that it is really a stroke, you can perform a quick test called FAST (from English):

Face – Ask the person to smile and check if one of the halves of the face is sagging or numb. The smile may look asymmetrical, or one of the corners of the mouth may fall down.

Arms – Ask the victim to raise both arms. If he can’t do it or one of his arms falls down, then it’s probably a stroke.

Speech – Ask a simple question, such as name or age. Observe whether the answer is indistinct or whether the person has problems forming words.

Time – If a person has any of these symptoms, it is time to call the emergency services on line 155. In addition, you should check the time and remember when the symptoms first appeared – healthcare professionals will use this information to better target their care.

Medical care for a stroke victim

Jak rozpoznat příznaky mrtvice: 6 Kroků (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Call 155 as soon as possible. Once you have confirmed that it is a stroke, you must act immediately and dial 112 or 155. Tell the operator that the affected person has suffered a stroke and needs immediate medical attention. A stroke is considered an emergency because the longer the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, the more damage occurs.

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Jak rozpoznat příznaky mrtvice: 6 Kroků (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Have a doctor perform the necessary tests and examinations. As soon as you get the victim of the stroke to the hospital, the doctor will start asking her various questions – such as what happened and when the symptoms first appeared. These questions will help doctors determine if a person is able to think clearly and decide how serious a stroke is. The doctor will also check the patient’s reflexes and send him for several examinations, including the following:

Imaging: These tests provide a clear view of the patient’s brain using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Doctors will then be better able to determine if the stroke was caused by a blockage or bleeding into the brain.

Electrical tests: There is likely to be an EEG (electroencephalogram) test that records electrical impulses and sensory processes in the brain, and an ECG (electrocardiogram) to measure the electrical activity of the heart.

Blood circulation tests: These tests show any changes in the blood flow to the brain.

Jak rozpoznat příznaky mrtvice: 6 Kroků (s obrázky) – wikiHow

Talk to your doctor about treatment options. Some strokes can be treated with a medicine called t-PA (tissue plasminogen activator), which dissolves blood clots, preventing blood from flowing to the brain. However, the window required for successful treatment is only three hours wide and it is necessary to comply with the specific requirements for its application. To maintain the possibility of using this treatment, it is important that the affected person goes to the hospital for an examination within one hour of the first manifestations.

A recent study by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) found that patients who received t-PA within three hours of the first manifestations of stroke had a 30% higher probability of recovery with minimal or no disability after three months.

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If the person cannot receive t-PA, the doctor may prescribe an antiplatelet or blood thinning medicine in the event of a minor stroke or TIA.

If a person has had a haemorrhagic stroke, the doctor may prescribe medicines to lower their blood pressure and, if necessary, refuse to take antiplatelet and anticoagulant medicines.

In some cases, surgery may also occur.

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