Hemorrhagic spots are small purple or red spots on the skin caused by damage to the capillaries under the skin – capillaries are the ends of blood vessels that form a microscopic network to carry oxygen from the blood to the cells. Essentially, petechiae are small bruises. Hemorrhagic spotting caused by straining capillaries is quite common and is not a cause for concern. However, petechiae can be a symptom of a more serious problem. Therefore, you should see a doctor if petechiae appear for no reason. It should be noted that you cannot treat petechiae at home; The best way to treat petechiae is to treat the cause instead of treating the spot itself.
Define the reason
Identify minor causes. One cause of petechiae is prolonged exercise. For example, a prolonged cough or an intense cry can lead to petechiae. Spots can also appear when you vomit or exert yourself while lifting weights. This is also a common symptom after giving birth.
Check medicine. Certain medications can be the cause of petechiae. For example, anticoagulants such as Warfarin and Heparin can cause petechiae. Similarly, naproxen drugs such as Aleve, Anaprox, and Naprosyn can also cause petechiae.
A few other drugs that can cause spotting include Quinine, Penicillin, Nitrofurantoin, Carbamazepine, Desipramine, Indomethacin, and Atropine.
If you think one of your medications is to blame for your spotting, you should talk to your doctor. Your doctor can assess if you need to take that medicine or maybe change to another medicine.
Check for infectious diseases. Certain infectious diseases can also cause petechiae. Both bacterial and fungal infections can cause petechiae, such as infectious mononucleosis, scarlet fever (erythema), strep throat, meningococcal sepsis, as well as many other less infectious microbial infections.
Identify other illnesses or deficiencies. Spots can be a symptom of other diseases that affect blood clotting, such as leukemia and other bone marrow cancers. Spotting can also be caused by a vitamin C deficiency (or scurvy) or a vitamin K deficiency – two vitamins needed for complete blood clotting.
Note that some disease treatments, such as chemotherapy, can also cause petechiae.
Perform diagnostics to detect idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. This disease causes blood clotting problems, because it takes away some of the platelets from the blood. Doctors do not know the exact mechanism of this disease, so the term “idiopathic” (meaning the cause has not been determined).
This disease can cause petechiae and purpura because platelets normally work to bridge small tears in blood vessels. When there is not enough platelets, the blood cannot regenerate blood vessels completely, leading to bleeding under the skin. This leads to small red spots (petechiae) or large spots of blood (called purpura).
Know what to do
Go to the doctor. If you’re healthy, but you’re seeing new, unexplained spotting (you’ve never vomited, exerted yourself, or done anything to explain it), you should see your doctor. While petechiae usually go away on their own if you don’t have the disease, it’s still best to determine if there’s an underlying cause.
It is extremely important to take your child to the doctor if he or she has unexplained petechiae and the spot has spread to a large patch on the child’s body.
Treat underlying disease. If you have an infection or disease that causes petechiae, the best way to treat petechiae is to cure it. Your doctor can help you determine which medication is best for you.
Protect yourself as you get older. In older people, the blood clotting system is often less efficient, so even minor trauma can cause significant petechiae. One way to prevent petechiae in the elderly is to try to avoid injury. This is inevitable, of course, but you need to try to avoid unnecessary risks.
For example, if you have trouble keeping your balance, consider using crutches or a cane.
Try a cold compress. This may make spotting from trauma, injury, or exertion go away, but it won’t treat the underlying problem that’s causing the spot. Feeling cold can help reduce inflammation and reduce spotting later on.
To apply cold, you need to wrap the ice pack in a towel or towel and then apply it to the bleeding area for 15-20 minutes or less if you can’t stand it for long. Do not apply the ice pack directly to the skin to avoid damaging the skin.
You can also apply a washcloth dipped in cold water to the area where the spot appears.
Wait for the bleeding spot to heal. The main way to get rid of petechiae is to wait for them to heal on their own. Once the underlying cause is treated, the petechiae should fade.